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Amanda Parsons

I'm a screenwriter, freelance journalist and novelist. I'm currently working on writing a feature film and a historical fiction novel that is part memoir.
Amanda Parsons has written 13 posts for One Language is Never Enough

Happy Canada Day: Five celebratory moments for Canadians

As we begin our Canada Day celebrations, I thought I would comment on five moments where Canadians united together. We’re a pretty modest bunch and it takes a lot for us to embrace our nation. I thought of tipping my hat off to the people from our history books and especially to the indigenous, but thought I would save that for another day. In the meantime, I hope you enjoy these five moments where came together:

 JUST WATCH ME

Americans may have Obamania, but we did it first with Trudeau. Joseph Phillippe Pierre Yves Elliot Trudeau mostly known as Pierre Trudeau stormed the political and social scene as the leader of the Liberal Party in 20 April 1968. He was young, charming, smart, good looking, laid back and appealed to the young people of the nation who were looking for energetic nonconformist leaders.

We wouldn’t be celebrating Pride this weekend if it weren’t for him. He legalized homosexuality. It’s hard to imagine a time when simply being you would be illegal but he saw it long before other countries did.

Not only was the first world leader to meet John Lennon and Yoko Ono, he also dated celebrities. He introduced bilingualism and multiculturalism, united against Quebec separatists, suppressed a violent revolt and established the Charter of Rights and Freedom.

His most defining moment came on 13 October 1970. The Front de Liberation du Quebec kidnapped the British Trade Consul, James Cross, on 5 October 1970 and five days later they kidnapped Quebec Labour Minister, Pierre Laporte. As events began to escalate, a reporter asked the Prime Minister how far he would go to stop the terrorists. He replied, “Just watch me” and three days later invoked the War Measures Act and four days after that Laporte was murdered. Although you could argue that things did not go exactly as planned, the phrase evoked a huge emotional response from the nation and is still regarded as one of Canada’s defining moments.

 

HOCKEY CANADA

 It’s hard to imagine a Canadian stereotype without someone holding a hockey stick or shooting a puck and no one knew it better than Father David Bauer. He founded Hockey Canada in 1963 as part of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association.  It wasn’t christened, Team Canada, until 1972 when our team won against Soviet Union during the Summit Series. Although not everyone likes watching hockey regularly or even has an interest in the Olympics, we all do come together during the Winter Olympics to support our team. We’re happy to say we’ve won twice in 2002 and 2010.

 I AM CANADIAN

 People currently in their twenties to forties probably recall this Molson Canadian ad campaign quite clearly. Joe’s “The Rant” debuted during the Academy Awards in March 2000, which happens to be the same year Robin Williams sang Blame Canada from the South Park soundtrack. We can thank Maclaren Lintas ad agency for putting together one of the best commercials of all time. A round of applause has to go to Canadian writer, Glen Hunt; Canadian actor, Jeff Douglas and American director, Kevin Donovan for creating something quite special. The commercial won the Gold Quill award in 2001 and subsequently had many parodies made including one by William Shatner.

 OH CANADA

 We’ve been singing our national anthem for years, but people have a hard time resonating with the lyrics. It only seems appropriate that Luke “Classified” Boyd would create a song that we could sing along to with pride. The rapper and producer is from Enfield, Nova Scotia and received three Juno award nominations for the song.

 

CANADA’S BOYFRIEND

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Photo taken from George’s Instagram/Facebook page.

George was ten years old when he finally was able to spell his last name Stroumboulopoulos correctly. You have to tip your hat off to the little guy as most adults still struggle with spelling it. After his aspirations to be an architect were pushed aside, he continued with his passion for sports and music. After casually filling out an application for Humber College’s Radio Broadcasting program, he was accepted and began a 20 year career in radio and television.  The short stint at radio rock station in Kelowna, B.C and time in Toronto with Fan590 sports radio would eventually lead to his time on Much Music. It was here that he became fed up with reporting on celebrity gossip and made a quip about him being Canada’s boyfriend. The phrase seemed to hit a chord with the audience and it continues to be part of his opening monologue on the George Stroumboloulopoulos Tonight show.

 Here is an older clip from when the show was called The Hour where George discusses Canada with an American journalist.

 

 

A COUPLE OTHER CUTE MOMENTS

Here are a few clips of Canadians talking about Canada

 

Here’s Russell Peter’s talking about what how to become a Canadian citizen

 

 

Here he discusses the Canadian accent

 

 

Here’s Jim Carrey talking about Canada

May the fourth be with you

Happy Star Wars Day!

No one can deny the cultural impact Star Wars has had on popular culture and everyday speech, but some forget how much it has changed the cinematic world as well. The franchise shifted the narrative of blockbusters from epic meaningful stories to special effects extravaganzas.

George Lucas is worth 3.25 billion dollars and most would argue that his revenue comes from two companies he started while trying to create Star Wars. Industrial Light and Magic is still a huge powerhouse when it comes to special effects and most films use Skywalker Sound as well. Lucas is also the former owner of Pixar and THX in addition to being the co-founder of American Zoetrope with Francis Ford Coppola. Some say he revolutionized the cinema world by introducing post production, but there is one thing we can all agree upon. He’s responsible for changing the way we market films, by placing a larger focus on merchandise.

Ronald Regan even referred to his Strategic Defense Initiative as Star Wars and UK Parliament MP, Harry Cohen, once joked “May the fourth be with you” during a defence debate on 4 May 1995. The Los Angeles City Council made the day official in 1997. Although Cohen’s joke is the reason we have Star Wars Day, it isn’t the first time someone has used the joke in the political arena. Margaret Thatcher’s party wanted to congratulate her on her election as Prime Minister by posting an ad in the London Evening News saying “May the fourth be with you, Maggie. Congratulations.”

Toronto also holds the record for the first organized celebration of Star Wars Day by including festivities at the Toronto Underground Cinema. For more information on what to do in Toronto today, go here

As a way of recognizing the countless parodies out there on Star Wars, I am including my favourite sketch in Seth Green’s Robot Chicken.

Lucas has said that he enjoys Seth McFarlane’s parodies on Family Guy so here is my favourite sketch from that series. It’s wrong, but so funny.

Hope you enjoyed it and may the fourth be with you today.

Educational Links

The very first time I stepped into a school as a teacher was in Australia. The principal guided me through the school grounds and explained most students were either emotionally disturbed or refugees. He thought the best way to immerse yourself into the field of education was to simply dive into it. We strolled into a courtyard surrounded by a very tall wall. He pointed to a student who was riding a bicycle very close to the edge of the wall. Just as I was trying to wrap my head around the fact that a child was able to get a bicycle up on the roof, the student hopped off and teetered along the edge. The principal looked at me and said “Coach him off the roof” and walked away. At first, I stood there stunned into silence trying to grasp at what I should do. The student was getting more and more unstable so I made a quick assessment of the situation and began talking to him. It was probably one of the most frightening, yet exhilarating times in my life and one I wouldn’t change for the world. It took me about ten seconds to read his personality and about a minute to discover what tactic to use to get him down. Luckily for me, the whole process was over in about ten to twenty minutes with the student safely and cheerfully on the ground.

After teaching in Australia, I made my way to England and then Canada. I’m one of those people who can’t turn off their job even when I’m on vacation. I’m constantly thinking of my previous and future students. I spent a lot of time travelling around Australia, New Zealand, Fiji and the UK collecting interesting little resources I could use later in the classroom. Nothing really prepared me for my first job in Canada. I would be responsible for launching an unprecedented pilot project, but we were severely understaffed. In the end, I was responsible for teaching 50 courses simultaneously and so was my only partner. Believe it or not, that was probably the simplest of our duties. As a person who always embraced a good challenge, I took it upon myself to learn as much as I could about each of these subjects. Not only did I never leave the library when I wasn’t in a classroom, but I would eventually find solace in journals that discussed how best to approach teaching these subjects and using various technologies that might better aid you in the classroom.

Here is a list of some of the journals I read at the time. Sometimes you will still catch me in the library reading the journals. I hope you enjoy them.

ART EDUCATION

Art Education (Journal of the National Art Education Association)
www.Arteducators.org

Arts and Activities
www.artsandactivities.com

School Arts
http://www.davisart.com/Portal/SchoolArts/SAdefault.aspx

Information on company only

Canadian Society for Education through Art
http://www.csea-scea.ca/index.php?option=com_content&view=frontpage&Itemid=91

LITERACY

Australian Journal of Language and Literacy
http://www.alea.edu.au/resources/ajll-archive/ajll-archive-2011

Book News (Canadian children’s)
http://booknews.bookcentre.ca/archive.html

Children’s Literature in Education
http://www.springerlink.com/content/0045-6713

English four to eleven: The English Association
http://www.le.ac.uk/engassoc/publications/41144.html

English in Australia: The Journal of Australian Association for the Teaching of English
http://www.aate.org.au/view_journal.php?id=49

Read Write Think
www.readwritethink.org

Language
www.languagemagazine.com

Information on company only

Kids Can Press
http://www.kidscanpress.com/canada/by-CURRICULUM-C4914.aspx?section=6

MATH

Mathematics in school for secondary and college teachers of mathematics
http://www.m-a.org.uk/jsp/index.jsp

Mathematics Teaching
www.atm.org.uk

SCIENCE

American Biology Teacher
http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=31

School Science
www.schoolscience.co.uk

LEARNING DISABILITIES

British Journal of Learning Disabilities
www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/bld

American Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
http://aaiddjournals.org/toc/ajmr/117/2

Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (American Association of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities)
http://aaiddjournals.org/toc/ajmr/117/2

Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/jir

Information on company only

Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness
http://www.afb.org/afbpress/pubjvib.asp?DocID=jvib0601toc

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

Applied Cognitive Psychology
www.Wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/acp

Australian Psychologist
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1742-9544

British Journal of Educational Psychology
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)2044-8279

Canadian Psychology
http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/cap/sample.aspx

Child Development
http://ca.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-CDEV.html

Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking
http://online.liebertpub.com/loi/CYBER

Developmental Psychology
http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/dev/sample.aspx

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/jcpp

EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY

British Journal of Educational Technology
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1467-8535

Educational Media International (The Official Quarterly Journal of the International Council for Educational Media)
http://emi.cardet.org

Tech Learning
http://www.techlearning.com/CurrentIssue

HIGHER LEARNING

Change: The Magazine for Higher Learning
www.changemag.org

The Chronicle of Higher Education
www.chronicle.com

Times Higher Education
www.timeshighereducation.co.uk

 

OTHER SITES

Early Childhood Education Journal
http://www.springerlink.com/content/1082-3301

Education Week
http://www.edweek.org/ew/index.html

Educational Horizons Magazine
http://pilambda.org/benefits/publications/educational-horizons/

Instructor
http://teacher.scholastic.com/products/instructor/index.htm

International Educator (National Association of International Educators)
http://www.nafsa.org/publications/default.aspx?id=32303

Teaching Geography
www.geography.org.uk

Teaching Thinking and Creativity
www.teachthinking.co.uk

Tech directions
www.techdirections.com

Information on the organization only

 

Adult Education and Development
www.dvv-international.de

Canadian Music Educator
www.cmea.ca

Child Education Plus: Fantastic resources for teachers and children aged 5 to 11
www.childedplus.co.uk

Chinese Education and Society
http://mesharpe.metapress.com/app/home/issue.asp?referrer=parent&backto=journal,10,200;linkingpublicationresults,1:110902,1

EFTO Voice (Elementary Teacher’s Federation of Ontario)
http://etfovoice.ca/site/

Education Forum (OSSTF – Ontario Secondary School Teacher’s Forum)
www.osstf.on.ca

Education Today
www.opsba.org

English Journal: National Council of Teachers
www.ncte.org

History of Education Quarterly
http://www.historyofeducation.org/index.htm

The History Teacher
www.thehistoryteacher.org

History of Education Researcher
www.historyofeducation.org.uk

Exceptional Children (Council for Exceptional Children)
http://www.cec.sped.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Publications2/ExceptionalChildren/default.htm

Green Teacher: Education for Planet Earth
www.greenteacher.com

List/Link of Educational Journals
http://www.tandfonline.com/action/showPublications?category=43983488

Learning Disabilities Research and Practice
www.TeachingLD.org

Mathematics Teacher (National council of Teachers of Mathematics)/ Mathematics teaching in the middle school
http://www.nctm.org/publications/toc.aspx?jrnl=mt

Middle School Journal
http://www.amle.org/Publications/MiddleSchoolJournal/Articles/March2012/tabid/2586/Default.aspx

Modern English Teacher
www.onlineMET.com

Music Educators
www.nafme.org

Physical and Health Education Journal
www.phecanada.ca

Reading today
http://www.reading.org/General/Publications/blog.aspx

Rethinking schools
www.rethinkingschools.org

Science Learning Centre
www.sciencelearningcentres.org.uk/courses-and-events

Teaching music (national association of music education)
www.menc.org

Star Wars Humour

Whether you are a huge Star Wars fan or simply find the films entertaining, the following pictures should brighten your day.

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These next two photos come from Jeffrey Brown’s book, Darth Vader and Son.

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Back to more Star Wars humour

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Happy Earth Day!

As part of celebrating Earth Day, I have chosen to share a few things I found quite interesting.

The first one is a short film called, Planet Earth, by those who did The Secret.

The second is Discovery Network’s, The World is Just Awesome, commercials.

Who doesn’t love dolphin’s and BBC’s Planet Earth?

For more information on the Environment, feel free to check out some of these links.

Villanova University School of Law

Journal of Environmental Law – Oxford

Environmental Law Institute

Columbia Journal of Environmental Law

Harvard Environmental Law Review

Wishing everyone a wonderful Earth Day.

Interesting takes on classical music

Now I understand that sometimes music teachers have it tough. It can be daunting to cover all the curriculum while still trying to make the lessons seem entertaining. I find having supplemental videos can make it entertaining. Here are a few for a light break away from the classroom rules.

Cello Wars – Star Wars – Piano Guys

Coldplay – Paradise (African style) – Piano Guys

Beethoven’s 5/ One Republic’s Secrets – The Piano Guys

Kevin Olusola – Cello and beatboxing

Kevin plays Bieber’s Baby on the cello

Matt Haimovitz and Christopher O’Riley – Arcade Fire’s Empty Room

Metallica’s Nothing Else Matters by Symphony and Metallica

Tafelmusik Baroque Orchestra – The Galileo Project

The Royal Conservatory of Music

Edgar Cruz – Bohemian Rhapsody – Classical Guitar

Clifford Brown – Delilah

Miles Davis – Smoke Gets In Your Eyes

Andre Rieu conducts Carmina Burana – O Fortuna

Star Wars and John Williams accapella

John Williams – the best works

Howard Shore – Creating Lord of the Rings

David Usher – Black Black Heart

Tea Party – Walking Wounded

Puff Daddy – Come With Me

Poncho Sanchez teaches you how to play congo drums

Louis Armstrong – What a Wonderful World

I will post more stuff with notes later in the week.

 

Classical music playlist

Sometimes I begin reminiscing about my teaching days. One of my most exciting positions I held was an Alternative Education Teacher. I was responsible for launching a unique pilot project that eventually spread across the province of Ontario. One of my duties was to teach 50 courses simultaneously,which is just as insane as it sounds.

Luckily, I’m quite resourceful and could rely quite a lot on other sources outside the classroom to help with the lessons. Some of these links/videos were ones I used when I was teaching music, while others are there for simply enjoyment.

Colin Carr – Tutorial

James Ehnes teaches audiences about Tchaikovsky

Nathan Milstein and Pichas Zuckerman

Nadja Salerno- Sonnenberg – Rachmaninoff

A duet with Yo Yo Ma

Yo Yo Ma – Prelude from Bach Cello Suite No 1

Richard Stoltzman participating in a series called Star Wars

Wynton Marsalis and Eric Clapton – Layla

Christian Lindberg Trombone Concerts

Colin Currie

Jukka Pekka Saraste – Beethoven Symphony No 5

Renee Fleming and Sir Andrew Davis discuss AIDA

Jim Wallenberg is on violin

Sergei Nikonov on violin

Toronto Symphony Orchestra Northern Residency Tour

I will post more videos soon with a wider range of musical styles.

Saying goodbye to the “world’s oldest teenager”, Dick Clark

Dick Clark backstage during the Grammy Awards ...

Dick Clark backstage during the Grammy Awards telecast 2/21/90 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Although we all knew Dick Clark has been sick since 2004, it doesn’t make his death any less surprising when you first hear the news.

Richard Wagstaff Clark was born on 30 November 1929 in Mount Vernon, New York to Sales Manager in radio. His older brother, Bradley, who he idolized died in World War II. As a way of dealing with the loss of his only brother, Clark found solace in radio to ease his loneliness. He began working at his uncle and father’s radio station during high school and later ventured out on his own while at university working at a country music station.

He completed his degree in Business at Syracuse University and became neighbours with Ed McMahon while acting as a disc jokey at WFIL in Drexelbrook Community, Philadelphia.

Clark was 27 years old on the pivotal day of August 5, 1957. It marked the end of Bob Horn’s Bandstand and ABC’s re-branding, American Bandstand. It also marks Clark’s first day on the show interviewing Elvis Presley. The show would run until 1987 and be responsible for launching many careers including Buddy Holly and Madonna. This 30 year run would inspire many spin offs around the world.  A success that is extremely rare to duplicate. Canada tried its own version, Electric Circus, which ran for 15 years between 1988 and 2003 on MuchMusic and CityTV.

Clark was also known for giving African American artists their due by playing original R & B recordings and not covers performed by Caucasians. His show, The Dick Clark Radio Show, only lasted one year in 1963, but it was one of the earliest attempts at radio syndication. He also might be one of the earliest stars to get over saturation in the public.

During 15 February 1958 to September 10, 1960, Clark hosted the half hour Saturday night program, Dick Clark Show on the radio while also hosting a half hour weekly variety series on television called Dick Clark World of Talent. It only ran between 27 September to 20 December 1959.

The seventies were also a busy time for Clark. He filled in once for Casey Kasem on March 25, 1972 doing the American Top 40. He started the American Music Awards as a competition to the Grammy Awards in 1973 and in the same year created his own version of Soul Train by hosting Soul Unlimited. There was also the short-lived Dick Clark’s Live Wednesday.

He also appears on three major American networks during the eighties. American Bandstand was on ABC, Pyramids was on CBS and TV Bloopers and Practical Jokes was on NBC. The latter ran from 1984-1988. This is also the time when he had his longest running radio show that started on February 14, 1982 – Rock, Roll and Remember, which was a four-hour oldies show named after his 1976 autobiography. The show went on until 2004 when Clark got his stroke.

By the we get to the nineties, we see only one season of The Challengers from 1990-1991 and one season of Scattergories in 1993. After opening several restaurants, theatres, and having a wide success in television and music, we only see Clark from 2001-2003 on The Other Half where he co-hosted a similar show as The View with Mario Lopez, Danny Bonaduce and Dorian Gresent.

Clark was married three times. The first time to Barbara Mallery in 1952-1961. They had one son, Richard. He then married Loreta Martin from 1962-1971 and they have two children, Duane and Cindy. He is now survived by his final wife, Kari Wington, who he married in 1977.

As someone who was born in the late seventies, it is safe to say that I have spent my entire life with Dick Clark in the media somewhere. I remember spending every New Year’s watching his specials and many evenings watching his shows. He will be greatly missed.

National Stalking Awareness Day: Five stalker songs that we may hear at weddings

Okay, let’s admit it. We’ve all done it one time or another. Yes, I’m talking about Facebook stalking. We joke about it. We get embarrassed by it, but there it is. We tell ourselves that it’s just a bit of harmless fun and thankfully for the most part our intentions are genuine. However, It doesn’t matter if it’s just a celebrity who doesn’t know you exist or whether it’s someone who at one point was really close to you. Stalking is stalking.

We all know it’s creepy, right? We’ve seen the movies. It’s one of those things that transcends language. It’s universal. We get really anxious when we see that creepo obsessing over the protagonist. So why do we celebrate stalking in our love songs? Why, oh why, do we use them as our wedding songs? Here’s a list of stalker songs to help shed light on National Stalking Awareness Day.

I Drove All Night – Roy Orbison

I grew up listening to this song on my parent’s radio station. I thought it was so romantic, especially when I became a bit older and Jason Priestly starred in the video. Yum. If you listen carefully, the narrator says he drove all night to climb into his love’s window (which is already a bit creepy), but then he goes further by awakening her and “making love” to her. That wouldn’t sound that bad if he didn’t continue by asking if her if it’s alright. If you need to ask if it’s alright, it isn’t. You probably just raped that poor girl.

Run For Your Life – Beatles

There is no question in the world that this is a stalking song. The narrator clearly begins by announcing, “Well I’d rather you see you dead, little girl; than be with another man” and then he continues to tell her how he will track her down and kill her, because he can’t bear that she has moved on. Okay, I’ll admit no one plays this at weddings, but I felt the need to include it because it’s just so clearly a stalker song.

Escape – Enrique Iglesias

I use to bop in the car along with the song. I’m also pretty sure I’ve heard this one at a wedding. This song isn’t better than the one above as the narrator keeps saying, “You can run, you can hide; but you can’t escape my love.” I know it sounds all happy, but really guys this is a break up stalker song that you play at your weddings.

Every Breath You Take – The Police

I know you’ve heard this one at weddings.  Sting has never shied away from the fact that this is a stalker song. Listen to the opening lyrics, “Every breath you take/ And every move you make/ Every bond you break,/ every step you take/ I’ll be watching you.” Creepy, eh?

Invisible – Clay Aiken

Remember him? Yeah, I think this was his biggest hit and he doesn’t shy away from the fact this is a stalker song as well. He begins by singing, “I wish I was a fly on your wall/ Are you really alone? Who is stealing dreams?/ Why can’t I breathe you into my life?/ So tell me what would it take to make you see that I’m alive”

For a complete list of stalker songs, go to  http://www.popculturemadness.com/Music/Stalker.html

On a more serious note, you can also see StatsCan 2009 report at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/85-005-x/2011001/article/11407-eng.htm If you feel that you are being stalked, please contact the police.

Today is National Stalking Awareness Day

Today is National Stalking awareness Day.

According to Section 54 of the Criminal Code of Canada,

Stalking is about wanting to control a particular person, most likely a former partner, and they can have different personality traits. Please note there is no way to profile a stalker, but the following is more of a guideline.

You can have the simple obessional who met the person, however fleeting, and does not want to believe the relationship is over. Most of these incidents do occur with someone who has known the victim for longer periods of time. Then there is the erotomanic. This person loves the other and truly believes they would be together without this external circumstance.

StatsCan believes that three in ten women report stalking and that criminal harassment makes up 5% of all violent crimes in 2009. According to QMI Agency‘s article, “Kingston has highest rates of stalking in Canada: StatsCan” published in The Whig Standard a year ago, the following observations are true.

The lowest rate of criminal harassment in 2009 was in Manitoba, where about 22 stalkers were reported per 100,000 people.

StatsCan said the findings are interesting because Manitoba is the province with the second-highest violent crime rate in Canada.

“In general, overall violent crime tends to be higher in Western Canada than in the eastern part of the country, however, for criminal harassment, the opposite generally holds true,” the study found.

Prince Edward Island reported the highest rate of reported criminal harassment, with 82 stalkers per 100,000 people, according to the figures. It usually has the lowest rate of violent crime in the country.

The Canadian average is 59 reported stalkers per 100,000 people.

Kingston, Ont., was the city with the most reports of stalking with 224, followed by Saint John, N.B. (149).

Winnipeg (16), Regina (21) and Calgary (26) had the lowest rates of reported criminal harassment.

Women account for 76% of the victims. They are more likely to be stalked by a current or former partner, while men are more likely to be stalked by a casual acquaintance.

About 38% of the reported cases involved threats. About 12% involved physical force and only 3% involved weapons, according to the StatsCan figures.

More than 69% of the cases occurred at the victim’s home. Most others occurred in outdoor public places, such as parks, parking lots, schools or streets.

Canada’s courts dealt with about 3,200 cases of criminal harassment in 2009 and about 52% of the perpetrators were found guilty. Probation was the most common sentence, accounting for 63% of the cases.

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